Rabindranath Tagore (1861-1941) was a Bengali poet, writer, lyricist, dramatist, and painter who introduced new prose and verse forms and utilised conversational language into Bengali writing, thereby liberating it from rigid, conventional models dependent on old-style Sanskrit. He was highly influential in acquainting Indian culture with the West and the other way around, and he is by and large viewed as the extraordinary innovative artist of mid-twentieth century India. Born to an affluent family, Tagore largely avoided classroom education and preferred to roam the manor or nearby Bolpur and Panihati, which the family visited. He started writing poems at the age of eight. Tagore was an ardent humanist and a chief exponent of the Bengal Renaissance. His compositions were chosen by two nations as national anthems: India's "Jana Gana Mana" and Bangladesh's "Amar Shonar Bangla". Tagore is widely read and revered for his timeless classics, many of which have also been adapted on screen. In 1913, he became the first non-European to receive the Nobel Prize for Literature for his collection of poetry "Geetanjali". Tagore was awarded a knighthood in 1915, but he repudiated it in 1919 as a protest against the Jallianwalla Bagh Massacre. In 1901, Tagore established an unconventional school at Shantiniketan, where he tried to mix the best in the Indian and Western customs. He settled permanently at the school, which became Visva-Bharati University in 1921. Tagore faced insufferable losses with the successive deaths of his immediate family including his wife and two children. A period of prolonged agony ended with Tagore's death on 7th August 1941.
Video lectures discussing different aspects of Tagore and his writings
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