Year 1964: Jean-Paul Sartre turns down Nobel Prize

Jean-Paul Charles Aymard Sartre (1905 – 1980) was a French philosopher, playwright, novelist, screenwriter, political activist, biographer, and literary critic. He was one of the key figures in the philosophy of existentialism and phenomenology, and one of the leading figures in 20th-century French philosophy and Marxism. His work has also influenced sociology, critical theory, post-colonial theory, and literary studies, and continues to influence these disciplines.

He was awarded the 1964 Nobel Prize in Literature despite attempting to refuse it, saying that he always declined official honours and that "a writer should not allow himself to be turned into an institution." He is known for famous works like "Being and Nothingness", "The Age of Reason", and "Nausea". Sartre died on 15 April 1980 in Paris from edema of the lung.

Here is a video on Jean-Paul Sartre and his philosophy of existentialism.