Year 1678: Chhatrapati Shivaji Maharaj wins the fort of Vellore

Shivaji Bhosale I (1630 – 1680) was an Indian warrior-ruler from the Bhonsle Maratha faction. Shivaji carved an enclave from the declining Adilshahi Sultanate of Bijapur that shaped the beginning of the Maratha Empire. In 1674, he was officially delegated as the "Chhatrapati" (sovereign) of his domain at Raigad.

During his reign as a sovereign, Shivaji engaged in both alliances and hostilities with the Mughal Empire, Sultanate of Golkonda and Sultanate of Bijapur, as also the European pioneer powers. His military forces expanded the Maratha sphere of influence, capturing and building forts, and forming a Maratha navy. He restored ancient Hindu customs and court conventions and advanced the utilisation of Marathi and Sanskrit during his administration.

Shivaji's contribution to Indian history was rekindled during the rise of the Indian freedom movement. Particularly in Maharashtra, he is worshipped as a hero and his contributions are discussed with great enthusiasm.

Here is an illustrated story for children, about Shivaji and his guru Ramdas.