Year 1796: Robert Burns passed away

Robert Burns (1759-1796) was a reputed Scottish artist and lyricist. He is considered as the national poet of Scotland. Due to his financial concerns, Burns had to work at a variety of labouring jobs before he began to compose poetry and songs. Nonetheless, in 1786, his first work was published under the title "Sonnets, Chiefly in the Scottish Dialect".

His reputation led to a commission to work on a collection of Scottish folk songs published as "The Scots Musical Museum" in five volumes over a time of sixteen years. This compilation included a reworking of "Auld Lang Syne" which is a popular melody that is sung on New Year’s Eve. Burns was additionally a political essayist and was viewed as a radical for his straightforward perspectives on republicanism. Robert Burns passed away on 21st July 1796.

Here is an audio by Henry Wadsworth Longfellow reading his poem "Robert Burns" as a tribute to the Scottish bard.