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Author Santoshkumar, B. ♦ Radhakrishnan, K. ♦ Balakrishnan, K. G. ♦ Sarma, P. S.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Journal of The Neurological Sciences
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases
Subject Keyword Neurology
Abstract We retrospectively reviewed the records of 110 patients with infective endocarditis (IE) who were hospitalized between 1977 and 1994 at a tertiary referral center in Southern India to assess the occurrence of neurologic complications and the factors that contribute to their development, and to compare our experience from a developing country with the reported data from developed countries. There were 62 males and 48 females, aged 0.6-59 (mean 24.0) years. Rheumatic heart disease (RHD) was the most frequent underlying cardiac lesion accounting for 65 (59.1%) patients. Neurologic complications were observed in 58 (52.7%) patients; cerebral embolism was the most frequent (23 patients). Thirty-five (31.8%) patients died. Mortality in the group with neurologic complications (41.4%) was significantly higher than in the group without (21.2%) (p = 0.04). The duration of symptoms prior to the diagnosis was longer in the group with neurologic complications, mean 174.9 versus 95.6 days (p = 0.03). We conclude that: (I) IE occurs at younger ages in the Third World and RHD still constitute the major underlying heart disease; (2) in spite of the differences in the general aspects of IE between developed and developing nations, the frequency and gravity of neurologic complications are similar, (3) mortality is significantly increased in patients with neurologic complications; and (4) delay in the diagnosis of IE contributes to the development of neurologic complications.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Journal JOURNAL OF THE NEUROLOGICAL SCIENCES
Volume Number 137
Issue Number 2
Page Count 6
Starting Page 139
Ending Page 144