Access Restriction

Author Lakshmi, S. ♦ Jayakrishnan, A.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Artificial Organs
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Biomedical and Dental Materials ♦ Chemicals and Drugs
Subject Keyword Biomaterials
Abstract Plasticized polyvinyl chloride (PVC), although not a blood-compatible polymer, is the material of choice for the manufacture of blood bags and hemodialysis tubing throughout the world. PVC is usually plasticized with di-(2-ethylhexyl phthalate) (DEHP) to impart flexibility and low temperature properties to the final product. DEHP belongs to a class of agents called hypolipidemic hepatocarcinogens, and it migrates in small quantities into the storage medium such as blood, plasma, or serum, resulting in a number of toxic effects. It has been shown that the migration resistance and blood compatibility of flexible PVC could be significantly improved by grafting polyethylene glycol (PEG), the most blood-compatible polymer known today, onto the surface of flexible PVC by the classical Williamson ether synthesis reaction. The technique is simple and versatile enough to produce blood-compatible, migration resistant PVC surfaces for many medical applications. The method may also find use for preventing plasticizer migration from PVC cling films and polyvinylidene chloride films used extensively in food packaging.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 22
Issue Number 3
Page Count 8
Starting Page 222
Ending Page 229