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Author Dash, Gopal Krishna ♦ Radhakrishnan, A. ♦ Kesavadas, C. ♦ Abraham, M. ♦ Sarma, P. S. ♦ Radhakrishnan, K.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Seizure-european Journal of Epilepsy
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Surgery & related medical specialties
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Surgical Procedures, Operative ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
Subject Keyword Neurosurgery
Abstract Purpose: The selection of ideal candidates for extratemporal resective epilepsy surgery is a challenge in resource-poor countries because of the limited presurgical diagnostic facilities and their affordability. To audit the presurgical evaluation strategy and selection for extratemporal resective epilepsy surgery in a resource-poor region.Methods: From the prospective database maintained at an epilepsy surgery center in southern India, we reviewed the data of consecutive patients who underwent presurgical evaluation from January 2005 through December 2008 for antiepileptic drug-resistant focal epilepsies emanating from the frontal, parietal and occipital lobes. Out of 285 patients, only 71 (24.9%) underwent resective surgery; the remaining 214 (75.1%) patients could not be selected for surgery. We inquired the reasons for their exclusion from surgery.Results: The difference in the rates of seizure-free outcome between surgical and non-surgical groups was highly significant (73.2% vs. 7.7%, P < 0.0005). The major reasons for exclusion from surgery were normal MRI in 107 (50%), inability to afford invasive EEG monitoring in 40 (18.7%) and lesion location adjacent to eloquent cortical areas in 27 (12.6%) patients. While clustering of seizures and presence of preoperative neurological deficits favored surgical selection, the presence of secondary generalized seizures and discordant interictal epileptiform abnormalities were associated with exclusion from surgery.Conclusions: We conclude that, in a resource-poor country, ideal candidates for extratemporal resective epilepsy surgery are those with well-circumscribed lesions not adjoining eloquent cortical areas. In such patients, concordant EEG findings and absence of preoperative secondary generalized seizures reinforce selection for surgery. (C) 2012 British Epilepsy Association. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Journal SEIZURE-EUROPEAN JOURNAL OF EPILEPSY
Volume Number 21
Issue Number 5
Page Count 6
Starting Page 361
Ending Page 366