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Author Mohanan, P. V. ♦ Mavely, Leo ♦ Pandya, Ashish
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Amino Acids, Peptides, and Proteins ♦ Chemical Actions and Uses ♦ Chemicals and Drugs
Subject Keyword Toxicology
Abstract The present study was designed to evaluate the hemostatic potential of poly [ss-(1, 4)-2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucosamine]-based hemostatic dressing material on albino rabbits. In vitro cytotoxicity study of poly [ss-(1, 4)-2-amino-2-deoxy-D-glucosamine]-based hemostatic dressing samples was carried out with L929 cells, and the cytotoxic potential was evaluated at the end of 24 h. The skin irritation was carried out in albino rabbits. Extract of the material was applied topically and irritation response was evaluated up to 72 h. The hemostatic study was initiated in rabbits after general anesthesia with a mixture of ketamine and xylazine. Using a sharp surgical blade, a 1.0 cm longitudinal incision was made on the right (test) and left (control) marginal ear arteries. Through the resultant jet spray of blood, the right 1.0 cm long wound was immediately covered with a 2 x 2 cm<SU2</SU piece of test material (poly [ss-(1,4)-2-amino-2-deoxy-D glucosamine] of known weight (w1). Similarly the left wound (1.0 cm length) was covered with commercially-available bandage (control) of known weight (w2). Direct pressure was applied for 2 min and then the samples were removed and weighed immediately (w3 for test and w4 for control) after hemostasis. Blood loss (w3-w1 for the Test and w4-w2 for control) was calculated from the materials weight before and after absorbing blood. The result of the study indicated that the indigenously developed material has local biological activity in the form of hemostatic action and, together with its ability to activate macrophages, resulted in wound healing applications. Hence, the present study concluded that the poly [ss-(1,4)-2-amino-2-deoxy-D glucosamine]-based hemostatic dressing material is non-toxic, non-skin irritant, and has better hemostatic potential than a commercially available material with enhanced hemostatic capabilities for various wound dressing.</.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 21
Issue Number 1
Page Count 6
Starting Page 25
Ending Page 30