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Author Prasad, C. Krishna ♦ Muraleedharan, C. V. ♦ Krishnan, L. K.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Journal of Biomedical Materials Research Part A
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Cells ♦ Anatomy ♦ Biomedical and Dental Materials ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Cell Physiological Phenomena ♦ Physiological Phenomena ♦ Biological Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences
Subject Keyword Biocompatibility
Abstract The incidence of thrombogenesis and occlusion of cardiovascular implants is likely to be reduced by endothelial cell (EC) growth promotion on biornaterials used for device fabrication. However, proper signaling between the matrix proteins deposited on the device surface and the cells grown on it is a prime requirement for growth and function. It was demonstrated earlier that a composition of matrix proteins that include fibrin, fibronectin, gelatin, and growth factors maintain a steady proliferation potential and prolong the survival of endothelial cells in vitro. In this study, assessment of the same matrix to prevent EC from dedifferentiation during in vitro culture and to promote endothelialization of biornaterials used for fabrication of cardiovascular implants is carried out. Up/ down regulation of m-RNA expression for a prothrombotic molecule-plasminogen activator inhibitor (PAI), and two antithrombotic molecules- nitric oxide synthetase (eNOS) and tissue plasminogen activator (t-PA) are chosen as the indicators of cell dedifferentiation during cell culture and passaging. Immunostaining for vinculin and actin demonstrated that composite coating on biomaterials improves focal adhesion and cytoskeletal organization that increases the quality of EC grown on it. EC proliferation, measured by H-3-thymidine uptake, on all bare materials was poor and high incidence of cell apoptosis was noticed within 72 h in culture, whereas once coated with composite all materials showed good proliferation and survival. The results suggest that the designed composition of biomimetic adhesive proteins and growth factors is suitable for EC growth, survival, and functional integrity, thus making it suitable for cardiovascular tissue engineering that requires in vitro EC culture. (c) 2006 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Issue Number 3
Page Count 11
Starting Page 644
Ending Page 654