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Author Thamburaj, K. ♦ Radhakrishnan, V. V. ♦ Thomas, B. ♦ Nair, S. ♦ Menon, R. G.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher American Journal of Neuroradiology
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Neoplasms ♦ Nervous System Diseases ♦ Pathological Conditions, Signs and Symptoms ♦ Diseases
Subject Keyword Pathology
Abstract BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE: Vestibular schwannomas (VS may be difficult to differentiate from cerebellopontine angle (CPA) meningiomas. Demonstration of microhemorrhages in VS on T2*-weighted gradient-echo (GRE) sequences may have potential value to differentiate VS from CPA meningiomas.MATERIALS AND METHODS: In this prospective study of 20 patients, MR imaging was performed with T2*-weighted GRE in addition to all basic sequences. Histopathologic examination was performed after surgery. Intratumoral hemosiderin was confirmed by pigment staining.RESULTS: There were 15 patients in the VS group with 16 VS and 5 in the meningioma group with 5 posterior fossa meningiomas. Fourteen of the 16 VS and all 5 meningiomas were treated surgically and were confirmed on histopathologic examination. T2*-weighted GRE identified microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted sequence in 15 (93.75%) of the 16 VS. CT excluded calcification in all VS. T2-weighted turbo spin-echo (TSE) and fluid-attenuated inversion recovery (FLAIR) images recognized microhemorrhages in 2 cases. Pigment staining confirmed hemosiderin in all 14 surgically treated VS, and none of the meningiomas showed microhemorrhages on MR imaging. For the detection of microhemorrhages, T2*-weighted GRE showed a sensitivity of 93.8%, specificity of 100%, positive predictive value of 100%, and negative predictive value of 83.3%. The sensitivity of T2 TSE and FLAIR for microhemorrhage was 12.5%. The Fisher exact test showed a statistically significant difference in the differentiation of VS from meningioma on the basis of detection of microhemorrhages (P < .01).CONCLUSION: Most VS demonstrate microhemorrhages on T2*-weighted GRE. This finding is useful to differentiate VS from CPA, meningiomas. T2*-weighted GRE should be used as a basic sequence to evaluate CPA tumors. Identification of microhemorrhages may have the potential to assess the aggressive biologic behavior of VS.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Journal AMERICAN JOURNAL OF NEURORADIOLOGY
Volume Number 29
Issue Number 3
Page Count 6
Starting Page 552
Ending Page 557