|Author||Geetha, C. S. ♦ Sabareeswaran, A. ♦ Mohanan, P. V.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Publisher||Toxicology Mechanisms and Methods|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Inorganic Chemicals ♦ Biomedical and Dental Materials ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment ♦ Technology, Industry, and Agriculture ♦ Technology and Food and Beverages|
|Subject Keyword||Biological Evaluation|
|Abstract||The titanium nitride coated titanium is a material intended for the fabrication of left ventricular assist device. As per International standards, a material is subjected to pre-clinical evaluation before fabrication of a device. Toxicity/biocompatibility studies such as acute systemic toxicity, intracutaneous irritation, in vitro haemolysis and implantation in muscle were studied as per international standards for the titanium nitride coated titanium. Acute systemic toxicity was studied in mice using physiological saline and cotton seed oil extracts of the material. Intracutaneous irritation was done by injecting the extracts of the test material and control intradermally into rabbits. Grading of erythema and oedema of test and control animals were recorded at 24, 48 and 72 h. In vitro haemolysis was carried out with material and extract of the material with rabbit blood. The muscle implantation was carried out in nine anesthetized rabbits. The implanted animals were sacrificed at the end of 1, 4 and 12 weeks, the tissue with the implanted materials were collected and subjected to histopathological analysis. The results of the study did not show any significant irritation or systemic toxicity with physiological saline and cotton seed oil extracts of the material. The percentage of hemolysis induced by the material and extract was under acceptable range. Results of the histopathological evaluation suggest that the test material did not produce any cellular changes. Hence the present study concluded that the test material is non-toxic, non-irritant, non-haemolytic and biocompatible.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
|Journal||TOXICOLOGY MECHANISMS AND METHODS|
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) has initiated the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility. Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find out the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for leading vernacular languages, (currently Hindi, Bengali and several other languages are available). It is designed to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is being developed to help students to prepare for entrance and competitive examinations, to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is being developed at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org