|Author||Gopalakrishnan, C. V. ♦ Dhakoji, Amit ♦ Nair, S.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Publisher||Journal of Spinal Cord Medicine|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Surgery & related medical specialties|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Surgical Procedures, Operative ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment|
|Abstract||Context: Spontaneous spinal epidural hematoma (SSEH) is a rare idiopathic condition that leads to acute onset of neurological deficits, which if not recognized early can have catastrophic consequences. The definition and pathophysiology of this condition remain controversial. High index of suspicion followed by T2-weighted gradient echo sequences are particularly useful in early diagnosis. Management consists of prompt surgical decompression of the hematoma though a recent trend is toward non-surgical treatment.Findings: A 70-year-old man presented with acute onset neck pain with a radicular component and rapidly progressive quadriparesis. Magnetic resonance imaging revealed a posteriorly located cervical extradural hematoma with cord compression that was promptly evacuated. Functional recovery to near normal function occurred within 24 hours of surgery.Conclusion: SSEH in its true idiopathic form is a rare pathologic entity. Because of the high risk of poor outcome without treatment, SSEH should be a diagnostic possibility when presentation is even slightly suggestive. Prompt surgical evacuation of the hematoma leads to a favorable neurological outcome, whereas delay in treatment can be disastrous. The role of conservative management needs to be proven and should be tailored on an individual basis.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF SPINAL CORD MEDICINE|
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