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Author Jolapara, M. ♦ Kesavadas, C. ♦ Radhakrishnan, V. V. ♦ Saini, Jitender ♦ Patro, S. N. ♦ Gupta, A. K. ♦ Kapilamoorthy, T. R. ♦ Bodhey, N.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Neuroradiology
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Diagnosis ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
Subject Keyword Radiology
Abstract The signal characteristics of an epidermoid on T2-weighted imaging have been attributed to the presence of increased water content within the tumor. In this study, we explore the utility of diffusion tensor imaging (DTI) and diffusion tensor metrics (DTM) in knowing the microstructural anatomy of epidermoid cysts.DTI was performed in ten patients with epidermoid cysts. Directionally averaged mean diffusivity (D (av)), exponential diffusion, and DTM-like fractional anisotropy (FA), diffusion tensor mode (mode), linear (CL), planar (CP), and spherical (CS) anisotropy were measured from the tumor as well as from the normal-looking white matter.Epidermoid cysts showed high FA. However, D (av) and exponential diffusion values did not show any restriction of diffusion. Diffusion tensor mode values were near -1, and CP values were high within the tumor. This suggested preferential diffusion of water molecules along a two-dimensional geometry (plane) in epidermoid cysts, which could be attributed to the parallel-layered arrangement of keratin filaments and flakes within these tumors.Thus, advanced imaging modalities like DTI with DTM can provide information regarding the microstructural anatomy of the epidermoid cysts.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 51
Issue Number 2
Page Count 7
Starting Page 123
Ending Page 129