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Author Sharma, I. ♦ Sarma, P. S. ♦ Thankappan, K. R.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Indian Journal of Cancer
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms ♦ Psychiatry and Psychology ♦ Environment and Public Health ♦ Health Care
Subject Keyword Public Health
Abstract BACKGROUND: Tobacco use is a major public health problem in India. The Cigarettes and Other Tobacco Products Act (COTPA) was developed to curb this epidemic. Because no study has been conducted on the awareness, attitude and perceived barriers regarding the implementation of COTPA, this study was undertaken.MATERIALS AND METHODS: A community-based cross-sectional survey was conducted among 300 adults (mean age 41 years, 52% men) selected by cluster sampling method from Guwahati Municipal Corporation. Information on awareness, attitude and their predictors and barriers for implementation was collected using a pretested, structured interview schedule. Multivariate analysis was done using SPSS.RESULTS: Adults older than 50 years were 3 times (odds ratio [OR] 3.02, 95% CI 1.44-6.31) and those with more than 10 years of schooling were 4 times (OR 3.60, 95% CI 1.70-7.70) more likely to have good awareness of COTPA compared with their counter parts. Those belonging to the middle socioeconomic status (SES) were 3 times (OR 3.36, 95% CI 1.13-10.01), those who reported secondhand smoking harmful were 3 times (OR 3.32, 95% CI 1.45-7.62), and those with more than 10 years of schooling were 3 times (OR 2.92, 95% CI 1.01-8.45) more likely to have positive attitude toward COTPA compared with their counterparts. Lack of complete information and awareness of the Act, public opposition, cultural acceptance of tobacco use, lack of political support, and less priority for tobacco control were reported as barriers for COTPA implementation.CONCLUSION: Efforts should be made to increase the awareness of COTPA focusing on younger population, less educated, and those belonging to the low SES.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Journal Indian journal of cancer
Page Count 56
Starting Page 8
Ending Page 63