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Author Shivakumar, K. ♦ Kumar, B. P.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher International Journal of Biochemistry & Cell Biology
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
Subject Keyword Experimental Medicine
Abstract Magnesium deficiency has been shown to produce vascular lesions in experimental animals, but the underlying mechanisms of vascular injury are not clear. It has been reported that in rodents, magnesium deficiency enhances circulating levels of factors that promote free radical generation and are mitogenic, In pursuance of these observations, the present study tested the hypothesis that magnesium deficiency may enhance oxidative stress and trigger an accelerated growth response in vivo in the aorta of rats. Oxidative stress mas evaluated in terms of levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in the serum and aorta and activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase in the aorta; fractional rates of collagen synthesis were assessed using [H-3]-proline. Serum and tissue levels of magnesium and calcium were determined by atomic absorption spectrophotometry, The present study demonstrated for the first time that magnesium deficiency significantly (P < 0.001) increases levels of thiobarbituric acid-reactive substances in the aorta of rats, Other changes in the aorta of animals on the Mg-deficient diet included a significant reduction (54%, P < 0.001) in the activity of superoxide dismutase and catalase (37%, P < 0.01) and a 19% increase in net fractional rates of collagen synthesis (P < 0.05), While serum magnesium was significantly reduced in these animals (P < 0.001), aortic tissue levels of magnesium in these animals remained unaltered throughout the duration of the study, suggesting the existence of other control mechanisms, apart from reduced tissue levels of magnesium, mediating the observed effects. These findings suggest that magnesium deficiency may trigger a wound healing response, involving oxidative injury and growth stimulation, in the vascular system. (C) 1997 Elsevier Science Ltd. All rights reserved.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 29
Issue Number 11
Page Count 6
Starting Page 1273
Ending Page 1278