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Author Radhakrishnan, A. ♦ Radhakrishnan, K. ♦ Radhakrishnan, V. V. ♦ Mary, Paramban R. ♦ Kesavadas, C. ♦ Alexander, A. ♦ Sarma, P. S.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Epilepsy Research
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases
Subject Keyword Neurology
Abstract Purpose: To investigate the etectro-clinical significance of premature accumulation of corpora amylacea (CoA) in the resected hippocampus of patients with medically refractory mesial temporal lobe epilepsy with hippocampal sclerosis (MTLE-HS).Methods: We compared the clinical and EEG characteristics, and post-operative seizure outcome of 373 (mean age 29.4 years, range 7-55 years) surgically treated MTLE-HS patients with (MTLE-HS-CoA(+), n = 129 [34.5%]) and without. (MTLE-HS-CoA(-), n = 244 [65.5%]) CoA.Results: Age at surgery was significantly higher and duration of epilepsy before surgery was significantly longer for MTLE-HS-CoA(+) patients compared to MTLE-HS-CoA(-) patients. Although the distribution of interictal epileptiform EEG abnormalities did not differ, type 1 ictal EEG pattern was more frequent in MTLE-HS-CoA(+) patients. Among the 21 patients with major interictal psychosis detected prior to epilepsy surgery, 19 (90.5%) belonged to MTLE-HS-CoA(+) group. Schizophrenia-like psychosis was most. prevalent. The post-operative seizure-free outcome was comparable, but significantly more MTLE-HS-CoA(-) patients were free of antiepileptic drugs.Conclusions: Overall, our observations support the hypothesis that the pathological process in MTLE-HS is progressive. MTLE-HS-CoA(+) patients are predisposed to increased psychiatric morbidity. In vivo detection of hippocampal CoA accumulation in the future will help us to understand the neurobiological significance of this phenomenon. (C) 2007 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Journal EPILEPSY RESEARCH
Volume Number 74
Issue Number 40942
Page Count 10
Starting Page 81
Ending Page 90