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Author Jayasree, R. S. ♦ Gupta, A. K. ♦ Vivek, V. ♦ Nayar, V. U.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Lasers In Medical Science
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Diagnosis ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
Subject Keyword Radiology
Abstract A sialolith observed in the Wharton's duct of a male patient was resected using an Nd:YAG laser. This is the first report on the resection of sialolith using laser. The resected sample was analyzed for structural details using Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), FT-Raman, and fluorescence spectroscopic techniques. Other techniques like energy dispersive X-ray analysis, scanning electron microscopy, and thermal analysis were also used for the analysis of structural details. The major peaks of the vibrational spectra are observed to be due to the vibrations of the phosphate and hydroxyl groups of the inorganic part of the sample and the proteinaceous component of the organic part. The major elements in the sample are identified as calcium and phosphorous in the ratio 7:3. The fluorescence spectra recorded at excitation wavelengths 280, 325, and 410 nm showed emission maxima corresponding to the endogenous fluorescence of structural proteins and amino acids. The inorganic part of the sialolith remained stable even at temperatures up to 1,673 K. The spectroscopic studies indicated that the structure of the sialolith is similar to that of the dentine part of the human teeth. In situ disintegration of the sialolith involves very high temperature. High calcium and phosphorous content in the food may be attributed to one of the reasons for the formation of sialoliths.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 23
Issue Number 2
Page Count 7
Starting Page 125
Ending Page 131