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Author Sharma, C. P. ♦ Hari, P. R.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Artificial Organs
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Immune System Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences
Subject Keyword Biocompatibility
Abstract Protein adsorption and subsequent cellular reactions are important biological events at the blood-polymer interface. Mediators like drugs, vitamins, and steroid hormones play a significant role in protein adsorption. An attempt is made to understand the effect of several i.v. agents on protein-platelet interaction with an artificial surface, polycarbonate. Pentothal, an anesthetic; lignocaine, a local anesthetic; pethidine, a narcotic anesthetic; Calmpose, a tranquilizer; and Novalgin, an analgesic, were drugs used for this study. Competitive adsorption of proteins is evaluated using a trace-labeled technique from a mixture of proteins (25 mg/dl of albumin, 15 mg/dl of tau-globulin, and 7.5 mg/dl of fibrinogen). Platelet and lymphocyte adhesion and plasma recalcification time are studied from calf blood. It is observed that these agents modulate the protein and cellular interaction and also the blood coagulation time. Therefore, proper selection of such including agents should not be overlooked for an implant surgery or while ministering to a patient with an implant.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 15
Issue Number 6
Page Count 5
Starting Page 498
Ending Page 502