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Author Joseph, Josna ♦ Mohanty, M. ♦ Mohanan, P. V.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Journal of Materials Science-materials In Medicine
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Immune System Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences
Subject Keyword Biocompatibility
Abstract This study aimed to investigate the progress of wound healing around silicone expander with particular emphasis on fibroblasts, myofibroblasts and collagen in the repair phase. Semi-quantitative evaluation of inflammatory cells and their cytokines, fibroblasts and myofibroblasts at the tissue-material interface was carried out. Commercially available silicone expander was implanted in gluteus muscle of young female Wistar rats for 3, 7, 14, 30, 90 and 180 days. Ultra high molecular weight polyethylene served as control. The cellular response was studied by immunohistochemistry and Transmission Electron Microscopy. A thick collagenous fibrous capsule was observed around the silicone expander at 180 days, with persistent myofibroblasts, lymphocytes and macrophages as compared to the thin fibrous encapsulation around the UHMWPE implants. The regulatory role of cytokines and immune cells in myofibroblast persistence in tissue-implant interface around silicone expander has been extensively studied. Results of this study indicate the need to elucidate the signaling molecules in the transition of fibroblast to myofibroblast around silicone expander implants.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Journal JOURNAL OF MATERIALS SCIENCE-MATERIALS IN MEDICINE
Volume Number 21
Issue Number 5
Page Count 12
Starting Page 1665
Ending Page 1676