|Author||Chandy, T. ♦ Sharma, C. P.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Biomedical and Dental Materials ♦ Chemicals and Drugs|
|Abstract||Hyperbilirubinemia generally relates to an elevated bilirubin level in the blood and is usually an indication of a disease of the blood, liver, or biliary tract. Hemoperfusion using synthetic resins as sorbents has been one of the ways to reduce bilirubin. In this study, chitosan, a natural polysaccharide having structural characteristics similar to glycosaminoglycans and which is nontoxic and biocompatible, has been used for bilirubin binding. Several layers Of poly-L-lysine have been coated covalently onto chitosan beads, using N2 plasma and carbodiimide treatments. Such surface-modified chitosan beads exhibited high binding affinities for bilirubin (1.13 +/- 0.18 mg/g beads) in aqueous phosphate buffer solutions at 4-degrees-C in relation to activated charcoal (0.74 +/- 0.2 mg/g). The polylysine-coated resins have been reported to have an improved binding affinity for bilirubin over cholestyramine. It seems that the surface-immobilized polylysine has an increased bilirubin binding affinity and is highly stable. The binding capacity is proportional to the amount of polylysine bonded to the chitosan beads. The hemolytic potential of all modified beads is compatible with polystyrene control tubes. Studies were also performed against albumin as proof of specificity toward bilirubin binding. The albumin-coated beads have shown the highest blood compatibility and selectivity over the other modified beads. However, it appears that polylysine-modified chitosan may be an excellent sorbent system for hemoperfusion due to its high binding affinity, capacity, and blood compatibility. Further studies are needed to determine its behavior under clinical conditions.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) has initiated the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility. Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find out the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for leading vernacular languages, (currently Hindi, Bengali and 9 other languages are available). It is designed to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is being developed to help students to prepare for entrance and competitive examinations, to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is being developed at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to email@example.com