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Author Tobgay, K. J. ♦ Sarma, P. S. ♦ Thankappan, K. R.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher National Medical Journal of India
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Bacterial Infections and Mycoses ♦ Diseases ♦ Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services ♦ Health Care
Subject Keyword Public Health
Abstract Background. This study examined the factors associated with delays (i) between the onset of symptoms and the patient's first visit to a medical facility (patient delay), and (ii) between a patient's visit to a medical facility and the diagnosis of tuberculosis (health system delay).Methods. A cross-sectional survey was conducted of 323 patients (median age 30 years, men: 190) reporting to 2 tuberculosis units and 4 microscopy centres in Fast Sikkim using a pre-tested structured interview schedule. Patient records were verified for dates of investigations, diagnosis and treatment. Bivariate and multivariate analyses were done to find out the associations between dependent and independent variables.Results. The median patient and health system delays were 21 and 7 days, respectively. Patient delay > 30 days was reported by 17% and health system delay > 7 days by 49% of the participants. Patient delay was associated with self-medication (OR 2.28, 95% CI: 1.0-5.18), choice of government doctors as first contact (OR 2.76, 95% CI: 1.15-6.62), use of traditional healers (OR 2.18, 95% CI: 1.03-4.61) and cost of treatment (3)Rs 400 compared with < Rs 100 (OR 2.52, 95% CI: 1.17-5.38). Important predictors of health system delays were first contact with private doctors (OR 33.1, 95% CI: 13.44-81.49) and cost of treatment (OR 2.5; 95% CI: 1.22-5.128).Conclusion. Efforts need to be made to eliminate the factors causing a delay in the initiation of treatment of patients with tuberculosis. These should include increasing awareness to avoid self-medication, the availability of free treatment, and training traditional healers and private doctors in the treatment of tuberculosis.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 19
Issue Number 2
Page Count 4
Starting Page 60
Ending Page 63