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Author Radhakrishnan, K. ♦ Nayak, S. D. ♦ Kumar, S. P. ♦ Sarma, P. S.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Epilepsia
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases
Subject Keyword Neurology
Abstract Purpose: To study the current pharmacotherapy practices of epilepsy and its economics in a developing country by correlating the epidemiology and economics of antiepileptic drug (AED) treatment in general epilepsy care and comprehensive epilepsy care.Methods: We compared the AED-use profiles, efficacy, and tolerability at entry and at last follow-up for 972 patients seen at a comprehensive epilepsy clue program in South India from 1993 to 1995. The relative cost was expressed as the average percentage of the per capita gross national product (GNP/capita) each individual spent for AED treatment.Results: At entry, 562 (57.8%) subjects were receiving polytherapy; at last follow-up, 743 (76.4%) patients were receiving monotherapy, an increase of 34.3% in the use of monotherapy. One or more adverse drug reactions were reported by 28.6% of patients at entry and by 19.8% at last follow-up. The proportion of patients who were seizure free increased from 29.0 to 44.8%. Carbamazepine (CBZ) was the most frequently used AED, followed by diphenylhydantoin (DPH), valproate (VPA), and phe nobarbitone (PB). The relative cost (% GNP/capita) for standard AEDs were as follows: PB, 4.4%; DPH, 7.1%; CBZ, 16.8%; and VPA, 29.5%. The average annual cost of AED treatment per patient in U.S. dollars was $64.32 at entry and $47.73 at last follow-up. Reduction in polytherapy resulted in the net annual saving of $16,128 ($16.59 per patient, or 5.4% GNP/capita).Conclusions: The more frequent use of relatively expensive drugs like CBZ and VPA and the use of polytherapy-still quite prevalent in developing countries-has escalated the cost of AED therapy. Although in recent years AEDs have become more available in developing regions, primary and secondary care physicians have not been adequately educated about the current trends in the pharmacotherapy of epilepsy.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 40
Issue Number 2
Page Count 7
Starting Page 179
Ending Page 185