|Author||Nair, V. M.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Publisher||Journal of Public Health Medicine|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases ♦ Complex Mixtures ♦ Chemicals and Drugs ♦ Health Care Facilities, Manpower, and Services ♦ Health Care|
|Subject Keyword||Public Health|
|Abstract||The 'polio eradication initiative' launched by the World Health Assembly in 1988, although successfully implemented in several countries, could not achieve the goal of global eradication by the year 2000. It has components on strengthening routine immunization system, observance of National Immunization Days (NIDs) and strengthening of surveillance for Acute Flaccid Paralysis (AFP). Recently, this strategy was challenged in Kerala, India. Kerala has excellent health indicators compared with other Indian states. In 1999, Intensified Pulse Polio Immunization (IPPI) was introduced with four NIDs throughout India. More than 2000 doctors working under the Kerala Government challenged the strategy, demanding its redesign. Zero prevalence of polio for 2 years, near-complete coverage of children by the routine system, probable business interests of vaccine manufactures and suppliers, dubious interests of officials, and weakening of the routine system by concentrating more on NIDs were all cited as reasons for discontinuing current strategy. The authorities, citing the success stories of polio eradication by the global initiative in several countries, discard the allegations as baseless. They alleged that the medical officers who were on strike demanding higher pay and better conditions were using the 'polio issue' to win their strike. The incidence of two polio cases in Malappuram in northern Kerala during September 2000 has further complicated the issue. As the controversy continues it is felt that the 'eradication initiative' will have to be revisited.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
|Journal||JOURNAL OF PUBLIC HEALTH MEDICINE|
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) has initiated the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility. Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find out the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for leading vernacular languages, (currently Hindi, Bengali and several other languages are available). It is designed to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is being developed to help students to prepare for entrance and competitive examinations, to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is being developed at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org