|Author||Hingwala, D. ♦ Thomas, B. ♦ Radhakrishnan, A. ♦ Nair, S. N. ♦ Kesavadas, C.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Publisher||Acta Radiol. 2013|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Diagnosis ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment|
|Abstract||BACKGROUND: Structural lesions in/near the sensorimotor cortex may cause distortion/obscuration of the anatomic landmarks. PURPOSE: To compare the localization of the sensorimotor cortex using anatomical landmarks and fMRI in the clinical setting in patients with structural lesions in/near the central sulcus. MATERIAL AND METHODS: We analyzed the anatomic and fMRI data of 68 consecutive patients (42 tumors, 15 gliotic lesions, 11 focal cortical dysplasias [FCD]) who underwent MRI to assess the relationship of these lesions to the sensorimotor cortex. Anatomical data was analyzed on conventional two- and three-dimensional sequences. BOLD fMRI was performed with block design hand/leg or lip movement paradigm and general linear model was used for detecting the activated cortex. fMRI was considered as a valid method for identifying the sensorimotor cortex based on previously reported literature. RESULTS: The sensorimotor cortex could not be identified with anatomical landmarks in 9/68 (13.2%) patients. fMRI detected activation in areas different from that predicted by anatomical landmarks in 11/68 (16.2%) cases. This occurred in 5/42 (11.9%) tumors, 6/15 (40%) gliotic lesions, and 0/11 (0%) FCDs. The kappa value for concordance between fMRI and anatomic landmarks was 0.883 overall, 1.0 for tumors, 0.721 for gliotic lesions, and in none of the patients with focal cortical dysplasias. CONCLUSION: In patients with lesions that obscure normal cerebral landmarks, fMRI supplies the information that is not available from the anatomic images. In patients with landmarks that can be recognized, the location of the rolandic cortex may be misjudged in some cases if functional imaging is not used. Anatomic landmarks may not correlate with the area of functional activation in gliotic lesions and tumors. Determining the risk of a postoperative neurologic defect from surgery is likely to be more reliable with functional imaging than with conventional anatomic imaging.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) has initiated the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility. Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find out the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for leading vernacular languages, (currently Hindi, Bengali and 9 other languages are available). It is designed to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is being developed to help students to prepare for entrance and competitive examinations, to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is being developed at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to firstname.lastname@example.org