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Author Purushothaman, Sreeja ♦ Nair, R. R. ♦ Harikrishnan, V. S. ♦ Fernandez, A. C.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment
Subject Keyword Experimental Medicine
Abstract Left ventricular hypertrophy is an adaptive response to hypertension, and an independent clinical risk factor for cardiac failure, sudden death, and myocardial infarction. As regression of cardiac hypertrophy is associated with a lower likelihood of cardiovascular events, it is recognized as a target of antihypertensive therapy. This necessitates identification of factors associated with the initiation and progression of hypertrophy. Oxidative stress and metabolic shift are intimately linked with myocardial hypertrophy, but their interrelationship is not clearly understood. This study proposes to identify the temporal sequence of events so as to distinguish whether oxidative stress and metabolic shift are a cause or consequence of hypertrophy. Spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) was used as the experimental model. Cardiac hypertrophy was apparent at 2 months of age, as assessed by hypertrophy index and brain natriuretic peptide gene expression. Enhanced myocardial lipid peroxidation accompanied by nuclear factor-kappa B gene expression in one-month-old SHR suggests that oxidative stress precedes the development of hypertrophy. Metabolic shift identified by reduction in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha, medium chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase, and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 beta was seen at 4 months of age, implying that reduction of fatty acid oxidation is a consequence of hypertrophy. Information on the temporal sequence of events associated with hypertrophy will help in the prevention and reversal of cardiac remodeling. Investigations aimed at prevention of hypertrophy should address reduction of oxidative stress. Both, oxidative stress and metabolic modulation have to be considered for studies that focus on the regression of hypertrophy.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 351
Issue Number 40910
Page Count 6
Starting Page 59
Ending Page 64