|Author||Purushothaman, Sreeja ♦ Nair, R. R. ♦ Harikrishnan, V. S. ♦ Fernandez, A. C.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Publisher||Molecular and Cellular Biochemistry|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Pharmacology and therapeutics|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Investigative Techniques ♦ Analytical, Diagnostic and Therapeutic Techniques and Equipment|
|Subject Keyword||Experimental Medicine|
|Abstract||Left ventricular hypertrophy is an adaptive response to hypertension, and an independent clinical risk factor for cardiac failure, sudden death, and myocardial infarction. As regression of cardiac hypertrophy is associated with a lower likelihood of cardiovascular events, it is recognized as a target of antihypertensive therapy. This necessitates identification of factors associated with the initiation and progression of hypertrophy. Oxidative stress and metabolic shift are intimately linked with myocardial hypertrophy, but their interrelationship is not clearly understood. This study proposes to identify the temporal sequence of events so as to distinguish whether oxidative stress and metabolic shift are a cause or consequence of hypertrophy. Spontaneously hypertensive rat (SHR) was used as the experimental model. Cardiac hypertrophy was apparent at 2 months of age, as assessed by hypertrophy index and brain natriuretic peptide gene expression. Enhanced myocardial lipid peroxidation accompanied by nuclear factor-kappa B gene expression in one-month-old SHR suggests that oxidative stress precedes the development of hypertrophy. Metabolic shift identified by reduction in the expression of peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-alpha, medium chain acyl CoA dehydrogenase, and carnitine palmitoyltransferase 1 beta was seen at 4 months of age, implying that reduction of fatty acid oxidation is a consequence of hypertrophy. Information on the temporal sequence of events associated with hypertrophy will help in the prevention and reversal of cardiac remodeling. Investigations aimed at prevention of hypertrophy should address reduction of oxidative stress. Both, oxidative stress and metabolic modulation have to be considered for studies that focus on the regression of hypertrophy.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
|Journal||MOLECULAR AND CELLULAR BIOCHEMISTRY|
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) has initiated the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility. Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find out the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for leading vernacular languages, (currently Hindi, Bengali and 9 other languages are available). It is designed to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is being developed to help students to prepare for entrance and competitive examinations, to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is being developed at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to email@example.com