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Author Vasudev, S. C. ♦ Chandy, T. ♦ Sharma, C. P.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Journal of Biomaterials Applications
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Immune System Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences
Subject Keyword Biocompatibility
Abstract Calcification is a frequent cause of the clinical failure of bioprosthetic heart valves fabricated from glutaraldehyde pretreated bovine pericardium (GATBP). This article reports on various chemical techniques for grafting polyethylene glycol (PEG) on bovine pericardium, their biostability, and calcification. The process of calcification profile was studied by in vitro experiments via the incubation of pericardial samples in a metastable solution of calcium phosphate. The calcification profile of PEG-modified bovine pericardium through glutaraldehyde linkages was significantly reduced compared to other methods of grafting. The mechanical property of these PEG-modified tissues after enzyme (collagenase) digestion and calcification were also investigated. PEG grafting of BP via glutaraldehyde or hexamethylene diisocyanate had shown better mechanical stability compared to other grafting methods used.In conclusion, it seems that the surface modification of bovine pericardium through high molecular weight PEGs via glutaraldehyde linkages may provide new ways of controlling tissue biodegradation and calcification.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 11
Issue Number 4
Page Count 23
Starting Page 430
Ending Page 452