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Author Gupta, D. ♦ Nair, M. D.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Postgraduate Medical Journal
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases
Subject Keyword Neurology
Abstract Orthostatic hypotension (OH) is a frequently encountered problem affecting nearly 30% of the population aged more than 60 years. It can result from neurological and non-neurological derangements which compromise the perfusion of the brain in an erect posture. Neurogenic OH is a manifestation of autonomic failure. It is an important cause of recurrent falls in the elderly, syncopal events and also has been shown to be associated with increased long term mortality from vascular and non-vascular causes. This review will discuss the pathophysiology, aetiology, clinical features and management of neurogenic OH and its differentiation from OH caused by non-neurological causes at each step. A clinician should primarily look for any reversible causes in a patient with neurogenic OH and should not forget that treatment is aimed at restoring the functioning capability of the patient rather than normotension. Co-existent supine hypertension in some patients should be taken into account while treating them.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 84
Issue Number 987
Page Count 9
Starting Page 6
Ending Page 14