|Author||Gopalakrishnanchettiyar, Sailaja S. ♦ Mohanty, M. ♦ Kumari, T. V. ♦ Valappil, Mohanan P. ♦ Parameshwaran, Ramesh ♦ Varma, H. K.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Publisher||Tissue Engineering Part A|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Immune System Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences|
|Abstract||The bone bonding potential of surface-phosphorylated poly (2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate-co-methyl methacrylate) [poly (HEMA-co-MMA)] has been investigated and compared with commercially available poly (methyl methacrylate) bone cement (CMW1 radiopaque, Depuy; Johnson & Johnson, Blackpool, Lancashire, England, United Kingdom) as control. Poly (HEMA-co-MMA) is synthesized by free radical-initiated copolymerization and surface functionalized by phosphorylation. The X-ray photoelectron spectroscopy confirms the presence of surface-bound phosphate groups on poly (HEMA-co-MMA). The surface-phosphorylated poly (HEMA-co-MMA) promotes in vitro biomineralization, cell viability, cell adhesion, and expression of bone-specific markers such as osteocalcin and alkaline phosphatase. The bone implantation study performed in rabbits as per ISO 10993-6; 1994 (E) shows that surface-phosphorylated poly (HEMA-co-MMA) elicits bone bonding and new bone formation. New woven bone trabeculae are formed at the defect site of surface-phosphorylated poly (HEMA-co-MMA) within 1 week, while for control sample, inflammatory cells-predominantly, macrophages, fibroblasts, and fibrocytes-are present at the cortical margins around the defect. The 4 and 12 weeks postimplantation results show that the major part of the defects around the surface-phosphorylated poly (HEMA-co-MMA) implant is bridged with new woven bone, with significant remodeling (evident from resorption bays) along both the margins of the defect, but for control implants, the defects are only partially closed, with slight remodeling along the margins, but most of them are separated by fibrous tissue.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
|Journal||TISSUE ENGINEERING PART A|
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