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Author Radhakrishnan, A. ♦ Menon, R. N. ♦ Radhakrishnan, K.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Epilepsy Research
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Diseases
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Nervous System Diseases ♦ Diseases
Subject Keyword Neurology
Abstract Introduction: Failure to identify the association antiepileptic drug (AED)-resistant temporal lobe epilepsy (TLE) with idiopathic generalized epilepsy (IGE) can interfere with decision for anterior temporal lobectomy (ATL) and prediction of post-ATL seizure outcome.Methods: Out of the 664 consecutive patients who underwent ATL between March 1995 and December 2007, 12 (1.8%) had coexisting IGE. The decision for ATL was made after a thorough discussion in the multidisciplinary patient management conference based upon the concordance between the clinical, electroencephalographic and magnetic resonance imaging data. All of them underwent epilepsy surgery for AED-resistant TLE.Results: In seven of the 12 patients, IGE was not identified until post-ATL. During a median follow-up period of 8.5 years, 8 of our 12 patients were seizure-free; the remaining 4 patients only had infrequent myoclonus. In two them, AEDs were discontinued; others were on montherapy for IGE.Conclusions: Our study highlights the rare association of IGE with TLE, the most common AED-resistant focal epilepsy syndrome. As the seizure outcome following ATL is similar in AED-resistant TLE patients with and without IGE, their co-existence is not a contraindication for ATL. Future studies should explore the molecular genetic basis of the rare association between these two epilepsy syndromes. (C) 2011 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 96
Issue Number 40910
Page Count 7
Starting Page 151
Ending Page 157