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Author Mohan, Sailesh ♦ Sarma, P. S. ♦ Thankappan, K. R.
Source Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology
Content type Text
Publisher Preventive Medicine
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Medicine & health ♦ Incidence & prevention of disease
Subject Domain (in MeSH) Behavior and Behavior Mechanisms ♦ Psychiatry and Psychology ♦ Environment and Public Health ♦ Health Care
Subject Keyword Public Health
Abstract Background. Tobacco use is increasing among adolescents. We conducted this study to find prevalence and correlates of tobacco use among adolescent boys in Trivandrum city, Kerala.Methods. Using a two-stage cluster sampling technique, 1323 boys (12-19 years) were selected from 14 schools. Information on tobacco use, academic performance, pocket money, and other variables was collected using a questionnaire. Multivariate analyses were done to find associations between current use of tobacco and other variables.Results. Prevalence of current tobacco use was 11.3% (95% CI 9.6-13.0). Current tobacco use was 2.9 times higher among older boys compared to younger boys (OR 2.9, CI 1.6-5.3), 2 times higher among boys whose fathers used tobacco (OR 2.0, CI 1.3-3.1), 2.9 times higher among boys whose friends used tobacco (OR 2.9, Cl 1.6-5.1) compared to their counterparts, 3 times higher among boys securing poor (< 40% marks) grade compared to those securing excellent (> 80% marks) grade (OR 3.0, CI 1.4-6.6), and 4 times higher among those who received pocket money compared to those who did not (OR 4.0, CI 2.2-7.4).Conclusions. Health programs to quit tobacco are suggested in schools with special emphasis on poor performers, those receiving pocket money, and those whose fathers and friends use tobacco. (c) 2005 Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Educational Framework Medical Council of India (MCI)
Volume Number 41
Issue Number 2
Page Count 8
Starting Page 685
Ending Page 692