|Author||Umashankar, P. R. ♦ Mohanan, P. V. ♦ Kumari, T. V.|
|Source||Sree Chitra Tirunal Institute for Medical Sciences & Technology|
|Subject Domain (in DDC)||Technology ♦ Medicine & health|
|Subject Domain (in MeSH)||Immune System Phenomena ♦ Biological Sciences|
|Abstract||Glutaraldehyde-stabilized bovine pericardium is used for clinical application since 1970s because of its desirable features such as less immunogenicity and acceptable durability. However, a propensity for calcification is reported on account of glutaraldehyde treatment. In this study, commercially available glutaraldehyde cross-linked bovine pericardium was evaluated for its in vitro cytotoxic effect, macrophage activation, and in vivo toxic response in comparison to decellularized bovine pericardium. Glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium and its extract were observed to be cytotoxic and it also caused significant inflammatory cytokine release from activated macrophages. Significant antibody response, calcification response, necrotic, and inflammatory response were noticed in glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium in comparison to decellularized bovine pericardium in a rat subcutaneous implantation model. Glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium also failed in acute systemic toxicity testing and intracutaneous irritation testing as per ISO 10993. With respect to healing and implant remodeling, total lack of host tissue incorporation and angiogenesis was noticed in glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium compared to excellent host fibroblast incorporation and angiogenesis within the implant in decellularized bovine pericardium. In conclusion, using in vitro and in vivo techniques, this study has demonstrated that glutaraldehyde-treated bovine pericardium elicits toxic response compared to decellularized bovine pericardium which is not congenial for long-term implant performance.|
|Education Level||UG and PG|
|Learning Resource Type||Article|
|Educational Framework||Medical Council of India (MCI)|
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) under its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT) has initiated the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project to develop a framework of virtual repository of learning resources with a single-window search facility. Filtered and federated searching is employed to facilitate focused searching so that learners can find out the right resource with least effort and in minimum time. NDLI is designed to hold content of any language and provides interface support for leading vernacular languages, (currently Hindi, Bengali and several other languages are available). It is designed to provide support for all academic levels including researchers and life-long learners, all disciplines, all popular forms of access devices and differently-abled learners. It is being developed to help students to prepare for entrance and competitive examinations, to enable people to learn and prepare from best practices from all over the world and to facilitate researchers to perform inter-linked exploration from multiple sources. It is being developed at Indian Institute of Technology Kharagpur.
NDLI is a conglomeration of freely available or institutionally contributed or donated or publisher managed contents. Almost all these contents are hosted and accessed from respective sources. The responsibility for authenticity, relevance, completeness, accuracy, reliability and suitability of these contents rests with the respective organization and NDLI has no responsibility or liability for these. Every effort is made to keep the NDLI portal up and running smoothly unless there are some unavoidable technical issues.
Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD), through its National Mission on Education through Information and Communication Technology (NMEICT), has sponsored and funded the National Digital Library of India (NDLI) project.
For any issue or feedback, please write to email@example.com