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Author Luna, Carlos ♦ Cuan-Guerra, Aída D. ♦ Barriga-Castro, Enrique D. ♦ Núñez, Nuria O. ♦ Mendoza-Reséndez, Raquel
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword MATERIALS SCIENCE ♦ CONDENSED MATTER PHYSICS, SUPERCONDUCTIVITY AND SUPERFLUIDITY ♦ AGING ♦ CONFINEMENT ♦ CRYSTAL GROWTH ♦ CRYSTALS ♦ ENERGY GAP ♦ HEMATITE ♦ HYDROLYSIS ♦ IRON OXIDES ♦ MICROSTRUCTURE ♦ NANOSTRUCTURES ♦ NUCLEATION ♦ PHONONS ♦ SURFACES ♦ TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY ♦ TRIGONAL LATTICES ♦ VIBRATIONAL STATES
Abstract Highlights: • Uniform rhombohedral hematite nanocrystals (RHNCs) have been obtained. • A detailed formation mechanism of these HNCS has been proposed. • Phonon confinement effects were revealed in the RHNCS vibrational bands. • Quantum confinement effects on the optical and electronic properties were found. - Abstract: Morphological, microstructural and vibrational properties of hematite (α-Fe{sub 2}O{sub 3}) nanocrystals with a rhombohedral shape and rounded edges, obtained by forced hydrolysis of iron(III) solutions under a fast nucleation, have been investigated in detail as a function of aging time. These studies allowed us to propose a detailed formation mechanism and revealed that these nanocrystals are composed of four {104} side facets, two {110} faces at the edges of the long diagonal of the nanocrystals and two {−441} facets as the top and bottom faces. Also, the presence of nanoscopic pores and fissures was evidenced. The vibrational bands of such nanocrystals were shifted to lower frequencies in comparison with bulk hematite ones as the nanocrystal size was reduced due to phonon confinement effects. Also, the indirect and direct transition band gaps displayed interesting dependences on the aging time arising from quantum confinement and surface effects.
ISSN 00255408
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-08-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Materials Research Bulletin
Volume Number 80


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