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Author Burke, David L. ♦ Axelrod, T. ♦ Blondin, Stephane ♦ Claver, Chuck ♦ Saha, Abhijit ♦ Ivezic, Zeljko ♦ Jones, Lynne ♦ Smith, Allyn ♦ Smith, R. Chris ♦ Stubbs, Christopher W.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ ABSORPTION ♦ AEROSOLS ♦ CALIBRATION ♦ COLOR ♦ NONLUMINOUS MATTER ♦ PHOTOMETRY ♦ RADIATION TRANSPORT ♦ STARS ♦ TELESCOPES ♦ WAVELENGTHS ♦ COLLOIDS ♦ DISPERSIONS ♦ MATTER ♦ OPTICAL PROPERTIES ♦ ORGANOLEPTIC PROPERTIES ♦ PHYSICAL PROPERTIES ♦ SOLS ♦ SORPTION
Abstract The science goals for future ground-based all-sky surveys, such as the Dark Energy Survey, PanSTARRS, and the Large Synoptic Survey Telescope, require calibration of broadband photometry that is stable in time and uniform over the sky to precisions of 1% or better, and absolute calibration of color measurements that are similarly accurate. This performance will need to be achieved with measurements made from multiple images taken over the course of many years, and these surveys will observe in less than ideal conditions. This paper describes a technique to implement a new strategy to directly measure variations of atmospheric transmittance at optical wavelengths and application of these measurements to calibration of ground-based observations. This strategy makes use of measurements of the spectra of a small catalog of bright 'probe' stars as they progress across the sky and back-light the atmosphere. The signatures of optical absorption by different atmospheric constituents are recognized in these spectra by their characteristic dependences on wavelength and airmass. State-of-the-art models of atmospheric radiation transport and modern codes are used to accurately compute atmospheric extinction over a wide range of observing conditions. We present results of an observing campaign that demonstrate that correction for extinction due to molecular constituents and aerosols can be done with precisions of a few millimagnitudes with this technique.
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-09-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 720
Issue Number 1


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