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Author Singh, Mahendra Pratap ♦ Kim, Ki Young ♦ Kim, Hwa-Young
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ INJURIES ♦ LACTATE DEHYDROGENASE ♦ LIVER ♦ METHIONINE ♦ MICE ♦ OXIDATION ♦ STRESSES ♦ SULFOXIDES
Abstract Acetaminophen (APAP) overdose induces acute liver injury via enhanced oxidative stress and glutathione (GSH) depletion. Methionine sulfoxide reductase A (MsrA) acts as a reactive oxygen species scavenger by catalyzing the cyclic reduction of methionine-S-sulfoxide. Herein, we investigated the protective role of MsrA against APAP-induced liver damage using MsrA gene-deleted mice (MsrA{sup −/−}). We found that MsrA{sup −/−} mice were more susceptible to APAP-induced acute liver injury than wild-type mice (MsrA{sup +/+}). The central lobule area of the MsrA{sup −/−} liver was more impaired with necrotic lesions. Serum alanine transaminase, aspartate transaminase, and lactate dehydrogenase levels were significantly higher in MsrA{sup −/−} than in MsrA{sup +/+} mice after APAP challenge. Deletion of MsrA enhanced APAP-induced hepatic GSH depletion and oxidative stress, leading to increased susceptibility to APAP-induced liver injury in MsrA-deficient mice. APAP challenge increased Nrf2 activation more profoundly in MsrA{sup −/−} than in MsrA{sup +/+} livers. Expression and nuclear accumulation of Nrf2 and its target gene expression were significantly elevated in MsrA{sup −/−} than in MsrA{sup +/+} livers after APAP challenge. Taken together, our results demonstrate that MsrA protects the liver from APAP-induced toxicity. The data provided herein constitute the first in vivo evidence of the involvement of MsrA in hepatic function under APAP challenge. - Highlights: • MsrA deficiency increases APAP-induced liver damage. • MsrA deletion enhances APAP-induced hepatic GSH depletion and oxidative stress. • MsrA deficiency induces more profound activation of Nrf2 in response to APAP. • MsrA protects the liver from APAP-induced toxicity.
ISSN 0006291X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-02-26
Publisher Place United States
Journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume Number 484
Issue Number 1


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