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Author Samain, Louise ♦ Jaworski, Aleksander ♦ Edén, Mattias ♦ Ladd, Danielle M. ♦ Seo, Dong-Kyun ♦ Javier Garcia-Garcia, F. ♦ Häussermann, Ulrich
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY ♦ ALUMINIUM ♦ ALUMINIUM 27 ♦ ALUMINIUM OXIDES ♦ CALCINATION ♦ CATALYSTS ♦ CRYSTAL STRUCTURE ♦ DIFFRACTION ♦ HYDROXIDES ♦ NANOSTRUCTURES ♦ PARTICLES ♦ POROUS MATERIALS ♦ POWDERS ♦ SOLS ♦ SPINELS ♦ SURFACE AREA ♦ SYNTHESIS ♦ THICKNESS ♦ TRANSMISSION ELECTRON MICROSCOPY
Abstract Two highly porous γ-aluminas, a commercial catalyst obtained from the calcination of boehmite and a highly mesoporous product obtained from amorphous aluminum (oxy)hydroxide via a sol–gel-based process were investigated by {sup 27}Al nuclear magnetic resonance (NMR), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), and atomic pair distribution function (PDF) analysis of synchrotron powder diffraction data. NMR data showed for both materials a distribution of tetrahedrally and octahedrally coordinated Al at a 0.30:0.70 ratio, which is typical for γ-aluminas. TEM studies revealed that rod-shaped particles with about 5 nm in thickness are the building blocks of the porous structure in both materials. These particles often extend to a length of 50 nm in the commercial catalyst and are considerably shorter in the sol–gel-based material, which has a higher surface area. Refinement of PDFs revealed the presence of a ∼1 nm scale local structure and the validity of a tetragonal average structure for both materials. This tetragonal average structure contains a substantial fraction of non-spinel octahedral Al atoms. It is argued that the presence of local structure is a general feature of γ-alumina, independent of precursor and synthesis conditions. The concentration of “non-spinel” Al atoms seems to correlate with surface properties, and increases with increasing pore size/surface area. This should have implications to the catalytic properties of porous γ-alumina. - Graphical abstract: Boehmite-derived and sol–gel synthesized porous γ-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} possess identical structural properties, featuring a nm scale local structure and a tetragonal average structure. - Highlights: • Porous γ-Al{sub 2}O{sub 3} generally possesses a nm-scale local structure. • The tetragonal average structure contains a substantial fraction of “non-spinel” Al atoms. • The concentration of “non-spinel” Al atoms correlates with surface properties.
ISSN 00224596
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2014-09-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume Number 217


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