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Author Starska, Katarzyna ♦ Bryś, Magdalena ♦ Forma, Ewa ♦ Olszewski, Jurek ♦ Pietkiewicz, Piotr ♦ Lewy-Trenda, Iwona ♦ Danilewicz, Marian ♦ Krześlak, Anna
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ ANIMAL TISSUES ♦ ATOMIZATION ♦ BUILDUP ♦ CONTROL ♦ DISTRIBUTION ♦ ENZYMES ♦ FLAMES ♦ GENES ♦ GENOTYPE ♦ HEAVY METALS ♦ LENGTH ♦ MESSENGER-RNA ♦ METALLOTHIONEIN ♦ MUCOUS MEMBRANES ♦ NUCLEOTIDES ♦ PROMOTERS ♦ SPECTROMETERS ♦ TOXICITY ♦ TRANSCRIPTION FACTORS
Abstract Metallothioneins (MTs) are intracellular thiol-rich heavy metal-binding proteins which join trace metal ions protecting cells against heavy metal toxicity and regulate metal distribution and donation to various enzymes and transcription factors. The goal of this study was to identify the − 5 A/G (rs28366003) single-nucleotide polymorphism (SNP) in the core promoter region of the MT2A gene, and to investigate its effect on allele-specific gene expression and Cd, Zn, Cu and Ni content in sinonasal inverted papilloma tissue (IP), with non-cancerous sinonasal mucosa (NCM) as a control. The MT2A promoter region − 5 A/G SNP was identified by restriction fragment length polymorphism using 117 IP and 132 NCM. MT2A gene analysis was performed by quantitative real-time PCR. Metal levels were analyzed by flame atomic absorption spectrometry. The frequency of A allele carriage was 99.2% and 100% in IP and NCM, respectively. The G allele carriage was detected in 23.9% of IP and in 12.1% of the NCM samples. As a result, a significant association of − 5 A/G SNP in MT2A gene with mRNA expression in both groups was determined. A significant association was identified between the − 5 A/G SNP in the MT2A gene with mRNA expression in both groups. A highly significant association was detected between the rs28366003 genotype and Cd and Zn content in IP. Furthermore, significant differences were identified between A/A and A/G genotype with regard to the type of metal contaminant. The Spearman rank correlation results showed the MT2A gene expression and both Cd and Cu levels were negatively correlated. The results obtained in this study suggest that the − 5 A/G SNP in the MT2A gene may have an effect on allele-specific gene expression and toxic metal accumulation in sinonasal inverted papilloma. - Highlights: • MT2A gene expression and metal content in sinonasal inverted papilloma tissues • Association between SNP (rs28366003) and expression of MT2A • Significant associations between the SNP and Cd and Zn levels • Negative correlation between MT2A gene expression and Cd and Cu levels.
ISSN 0041008X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-06-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume Number 285
Issue Number 3


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