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Author Kulkarni, Amey ♦ Pino, Youngok ♦ French, Matthew ♦ Mohsenin, Tinoosh
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Data processing & computer science
Subject Keyword Hardware security ♦ NoC ♦ Anomaly detection ♦ Machine learning ♦ Many-core
Abstract In this article, we propose a real-time anomaly detection framework for an NoC-based many-core architecture. We assume that processing cores and memories are safe and anomaly is included through a communication medium (i.e., router). The article targets three different attacks, namely, traffic diversion, route looping, and core address spoofing attacks. The attacks are detected by using machine-learning techniques. Comprehensive analysis on machine-learning algorithms suggests that Support Vector Machine (SVM) and K-Nearest Neighbor (K-NN) have better attack detection efficiency. It has been observed that both algorithms have accuracy in the range of 94% to 97%. Additional hardware complexity analysis advocates SVM to be implemented on hardware. To test the framework, we implement a condition-based attack insertion module; attacks are performed intra- and intercluster. The proposed real-time anomaly detection framework is fully placed and routed on Xilinx Virtex-7 FPGA. Postplace and -route implementation results show that SVM has 12% to 2% area overhead and 3% to 1% power overhead for the quad-core and 16-core implementation, respectively. It is also observed that it takes 25% to 18% of the total execution time to detect an anomaly in transferred packets for quad-core and 16-core, respectively. The proposed framework achieves 65% reduction in area overhead and is 3 times faster compared to previous published work.
Description Author Affiliation: University of Maryland Baltimore County, Baltimore, MD (Kulkarni, Amey; Mohsenin, Tinoosh); University of Southern California, Information Sciences Institute, Arlington, VA (Pino, Youngok; French, Matthew)
ISSN 15504832
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-06-01
Publisher Place New York
e-ISSN 15504840
Journal ACM Journal on Emerging Technologies in Computing Systems (JETC)
Volume Number 13
Issue Number 1
Page Count 22
Starting Page 1
Ending Page 22

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Source: ACM Digital Library