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Author Nie, Wen ♦ Yu, Ting ♦ Sang, Yaxiong ♦ Gao, Xiang
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ ANIMAL TISSUES ♦ IMMUNOSUPPRESSION ♦ INFLAMMATION ♦ LYMPHOKINES ♦ MACROPHAGES ♦ METASTASES ♦ NEOPLASMS ♦ NEUTROPHILS ♦ PLANT GROWTH ♦ PLANT TISSUES
Abstract Interleukin 23 (IL-23) is an inflammatory cytokine which plays a vital role in autoimmune diseases as well as in tumorigenesis. However, the role of IL-23 in tumor procession is still controversial and the underlying mechanism remains unclear. Here we established a stable cell line overexpressing IL-23 to prove that IL-23 promoted tumor growth and pulmonary metastasis through induction of tumor-related inflammation and absence of immune surveillance. IL-23 promotes tumor-associate inflammatory response such as infiltration of M2 macrophages, neutrophils and their elevated secretions of immunosuppressive cytokines transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β), IL-10 and vascular endothelial growth factor (VEGF) into tumor tissues, meanwhile the increase of the matrix metalloprotease MMP9. In addition, IL-23 increases the expression of the endothelial marker CD31 and proliferative marker Ki67 in tumors. Moreover, IL23 induces immunosuppression though reducing the infiltration of CD4{sup +}and CD8{sup +}T cells into tumor tissues. In conclusion, IL-23 is a considerable molecular in tumor progression, which simultaneously facilitates processes of pro-tumor inflammation, such as angiogenesis, immunosuppressive cytokines as well as infiltrations of M2 macrophages and neutrophils, and suppresses antitumor immune responses through reduction of CD4{sup +} T cells and CD8{sup +} T cells. - Highlights: • IL-23 promoted mammary tumor growth and pulmonary metastasis. • IL-23 enhanced the infiltration of M2 macrophages and neutrophils into IL-23-dominated tumor microenvironment (TME). • Immunosuppressing cytokines IL-10, TGF-β and VEGF were detected to rise in IL-23-transduced tumor tissues. • IL-23 down regulated the ability of CD8{sup +}T and CD4{sup +}T cells to infiltrate tumors.
ISSN 0006291X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-01-22
Publisher Place United States
Journal Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications
Volume Number 482
Issue Number 4


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