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Author Babu, Dinesh ♦ Leclercq, Georges ♦ Goossens, Vera ♦ Remijsen, Quinten ♦ Vandenabeele, Peter ♦ Motterlini, Roberto ♦ Lefebvre, Romain A.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ ANTIOXIDANTS ♦ APOPTOSIS ♦ CARBON MONOXIDE ♦ CYCLOHEXIMIDE ♦ DEPOLARIZATION ♦ HYDROGEN PEROXIDE ♦ INFLAMMATION ♦ MICE ♦ MITOCHONDRIA ♦ OXIDASES ♦ OXIDATION
Abstract Targeting excessive production of reactive oxygen species (ROS) could be an effective therapeutic strategy to prevent oxidative stress-associated gastrointestinal inflammation. NADPH oxidase (NOX) and mitochondrial complexes (I and II) are the major sources of ROS production contributing to TNF-α/cycloheximide (CHX)-induced apoptosis in the mouse intestinal epithelial cell line, MODE-K. In the current study, the influence of a polyphenolic compound (resveratrol) and a water-soluble carbon monoxide (CO)-releasing molecule (CORM-A1) on the different sources of TNF-α/CHX-induced ROS production in MODE-K cells was assessed. This was compared with H{sub 2}O{sub 2}-, rotenone- or antimycin-A-induced ROS-generating systems. Intracellular total ROS, mitochondrial-derived ROS and mitochondrial superoxide anion (O{sub 2}·{sup −}) production levels were assessed. Additionally, the influence on TNF-α/CHX-induced changes in mitochondrial membrane potential (Ψ{sub m}) and mitochondrial function was studied. In basal conditions, CORM-A1 did not affect intracellular total or mitochondrial ROS levels, while resveratrol increased intracellular total ROS but reduced mitochondrial ROS production. TNF-α/CHX- and H{sub 2}O{sub 2}-mediated increase in intracellular total ROS production was reduced by both resveratrol and CORM-A1, whereas only resveratrol attenuated the increase in mitochondrial ROS triggered by TNF-α/CHX. CORM-A1 decreased antimycin-A-induced mitochondrial O{sub 2}·{sup −} production without any influence on TNF-α/CHX- and rotenone-induced mitochondrial O{sub 2}·{sup −} levels, while resveratrol abolished all three effects. Finally, resveratrol greatly reduced and abolished TNF-α/CHX-induced mitochondrial depolarization and mitochondrial dysfunction, while CORM-A1 only mildly affected these parameters. These data indicate that the cytoprotective effect of resveratrol is predominantly due to mitigation of mitochondrial ROS, while CORM-A1 acts solely on NOX-derived ROS to protect MODE-K cells from TNF-α/CHX-induced cell death. This might explain the more pronounced cytoprotective effect of resveratrol. - Highlights: • In MODE-K IECs, TNF-α/CHX induces correlating ROS, mitochondrial O{sub 2}·{sup −} and cell death. • CORM-A1 does not influence basal intracellular ROS and mitochondrial O{sub 2}·{sup −} levels. • Resveratrol increases basal intracellular ROS but decreases mitochondrial O{sub 2}·{sup −} levels. • CORM-A1 acts solely on NOX-derived ROS to protect from cell death by TNF-α/CHX. • Cytoprotection by resveratrol is predominantly due to reduction of mitochondrial O{sub 2}·{sup −}.
ISSN 0041008X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-10-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume Number 288
Issue Number 2


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