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Author Lee, Kyoung-Sun ♦ Imada, Shinsuke ♦ Watanabe, Kyoko ♦ Bamba, Yumi ♦ Brooks, David H.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ CHROMOSPHERE ♦ COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS ♦ CORRELATIONS ♦ ELECTRONS ♦ EMISSION ♦ EVAPORATION ♦ HARD X RADIATION ♦ KEV RANGE ♦ PLASMA ♦ SUN ♦ ULTRAVIOLET RADIATION ♦ VISIBLE RADIATION
Abstract An X1.6 flare occurred in active region AR 12192 on 2014 October 22 at 14:02 UT and was observed by Hinode , IRIS , SDO , and RHESSI . We analyze a bright kernel that produces a white light (WL) flare with continuum enhancement and a hard X-ray (HXR) peak. Taking advantage of the spectroscopic observations of IRIS and Hinode /EIS, we measure the temporal variation of the plasma properties in the bright kernel in the chromosphere and corona. We find that explosive evaporation was observed when the WL emission occurred, even though the intensity enhancement in hotter lines is quite weak. The temporal correlation of the WL emission, HXR peak, and evaporation flows indicates that the WL emission was produced by accelerated electrons. To understand the WL emission process, we calculated the energy flux deposited by non-thermal electrons (observed by RHESSI ) and compared it to the dissipated energy estimated from a chromospheric line (Mg ii triplet) observed by IRIS . The deposited energy flux from the non-thermal electrons is about (3–7.7) × 10{sup 10} erg cm{sup −2} s{sup −1} for a given low-energy cutoff of 30–40 keV, assuming the thick-target model. The energy flux estimated from the changes in temperature in the chromosphere measured using the Mg ii subordinate line is about (4.6–6.7) × 10{sup 9} erg cm{sup −2} s{sup −1}: ∼6%–22% of the deposited energy. This comparison of estimated energy fluxes implies that the continuum enhancement was directly produced by the non-thermal electrons.
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2017-02-20
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 836
Issue Number 2


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