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Author Tietz, F. ♦ Arul Raj, I. ♦ Ma, Q. ♦ Baumann, S. ♦ Mahmoud, A. ♦ Hermann, R. P.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword INORGANIC, ORGANIC, PHYSICAL AND ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY ♦ CHEMICAL COMPOSITION ♦ CHEMICAL PROPERTIES ♦ ELECTRIC CONDUCTIVITY ♦ IRON 57 ♦ IRON IONS ♦ MAGNETIC PROPERTIES ♦ ORTHORHOMBIC LATTICES ♦ OXIDATION ♦ OXYGEN ♦ PEROVSKITE ♦ POWDERS ♦ SPECTROSCOPY ♦ THERMAL EXPANSION ♦ TRIGONAL LATTICES ♦ X RADIATION ♦ X-RAY DIFFRACTION
Abstract An overview is presented on the variation of electrical conductivity, oxygen permeation, and thermal expansion coefficient as a function of the composition of perovskites in the quasi-ternary system LaFeO{sub 3}–LaCoO{sub 3}–LaNiO{sub 3}. Powders of thirteen nominal perovskite compositions were synthesized under identical conditions by the Pechini method. The powder X-ray diffraction data of two series, namely La(Ni{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}){sub 1−x}Co{sub x}O{sub 3} and LaNi{sub 0.5-x}Fe{sub x}Co{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}, are presented after the powders had been sintered at 1100 °C for 6 h in air. The measurements revealed a rhombohedral structure for all compositions except LaNi{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} for which 60% rhombohedral and 40% orthorhombic phase was found. The maximum DC electrical conductivity value of the perovskites at 800 °C was 1229 S cm{sup −1} for the composition LaCoO{sub 3} and the minimum was 91 S cm{sup −1} for the composition LaCo{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}. The oxygen permeation of samples with promising conductivities at 800 °C was one order of magnitude lower than that of La{sub 0.6}Sr{sub 0.4}Co{sub 0.8}Fe{sub 0.2}O{sub 3} (LSCF). The highest value of 0.017 ml cm{sup −2} min{sup −1} at 950 °C was obtained with LaNi{sub 0.5}Co{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}. The coefficients of thermal expansion varied in the range of 13.2×10{sup −6} K{sup −1} and 21.9×10{sup −6} K{sup −1} for LaNi{sub 0.5}Fe{sub 0.5}O{sub 3} and LaCoO{sub 3}, respectively. {sup 57}Fe Mössbauer spectroscopy was used as probe for the oxidation states, local environment and magnetic properties of iron ions as a function of chemical composition. The substitution had a great influence on the chemical properties of the materials. - Graphical abstract: Compositional dependence of isothermal electrical conductivity at 800 °C and thermal expansion coefficient in the series La(Fe{sub 0.5}Ni{sub 0.5}){sub (1−x)}Co{sub x}O{sub 3} and LaNi{sub 0.5−x}Fe{sub x}Co{sub 0.5}O{sub 3}.
ISSN 00224596
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-05-15
Publisher Place United States
Journal Journal of Solid State Chemistry
Volume Number 237


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