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Author Suda, Kazuhiro
Source J-STAGE
Content type Text
Publisher The Anthropological Society of Nippon
Language English
Subject Keyword time allocation ♦ methodologies in the field ♦ ecological anthropology ♦ cross-cultural comparison ♦ inter-individual comparison
Abstract Time allocation studies provide basic information for understanding human adaptive mechanisms, and thus are especially useful in cross-cultural and inter-individual comparisons of behavioral patterns. Time allocation study methods are classified into three types: (1) “individual tracing, ” in which the researcher traces a subject person, recording the times at which he/she changes behaviors; (2) “observation at fixed spot, ” in which the researcher records all subjects' departures from and returns to a fixed spot; and (3) the “random spot-check, ” in which the researcher visits the subjects to observe their behaviors according to a randomly set schedule. Comparing the advantages and disadvantages of these methods and examining the reliability of inter-society comparison based mainly on my studies in Papua New Guinea communities, this paper aims to identify the most appropriate methods in time allocation studies.
ISSN 09187960
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1994-01-01
e-ISSN 13488570
Journal Anthropological Science(ase1993)
Volume Number 102
Issue Number 1
Page Count 10
Starting Page 13
Ending Page 22


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