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Author Ahrenhoerster, Lori S. ♦ Leuthner, Tess C. ♦ Tate, Everett R. ♦ Lakatos, Peter A. ♦ Laiosa, Michael D.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword APPLIED LIFE SCIENCES ♦ ADULTS ♦ CARCINOGENS ♦ CELL DIFFERENTIATION ♦ DIOXIN ♦ EFFICIENCY ♦ FLUORESCENCE ♦ GENES ♦ HYDROCARBONS ♦ HYPOTHESIS ♦ IN VIVO ♦ LACTATION ♦ LEUKEMIA ♦ LEUKEMOGENESIS ♦ MICE ♦ NOTCHES ♦ PATIENTS ♦ RECEPTORS ♦ SPLENOMEGALY ♦ TOXICITY
Abstract Over half of T cell acute lymphoblastic leukemia (T-ALL) patients have activating mutations in the Notch gene. Moreover, the contaminant 2,3,7,8 tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin (TCDD) is a known carcinogen that mediates its toxicity through the aryl hydrocarbon receptor (AHR), and crosstalk between activated AHR and Notch signaling pathways has previously been observed. Given the importance of Notch signaling in thymocyte development and T-ALL disease progression, we hypothesized that the activated AHR potentiates disease initiation and progression in an in vivo model of Notch1-induced thymoma. This hypothesis was tested utilizing adult and developmental exposure paradigms to TCDD in mice expressing a constitutively active Notch1 transgene (Notch{sup ICN-TG}). Following exposure of adult Notch{sup ICN-TG} mice to a single high dose of TCDD, we observed a significant increase in the efficiency of CD8 thymocyte generation. We next exposed pregnant mice to 3 μg/kg of TCDD throughout gestation and lactation to elucidate effects of developmental AHR activation on later-life T cell development and T-ALL-like thymoma susceptibility induced by Notch1. We found that the vehicle-exposed Notch{sup ICN-TG} offspring have a peripheral T cell pool heavily biased toward the CD4 lineage, while TCDD-exposed Notch{sup ICN-TG} offspring were biased toward the CD8 lineage. Furthermore, while the vehicle-exposed NotchICN-TG mice showed increased splenomegaly and B to T cell ratios indicative of disease, mice developmentally exposed to TCDD were largely protected from disease. These studies support a model where developmental AHR activation attenuates later-life Notch1-dependent impacts on thymocyte development and disease progression. - Highlights: • Adult mice exposed to 30 μg/kg TCDD have higher efficiency of CD8 thymocyte generation. • Mice carrying a constitutively active Notch transgene were exposed to 3 μg/kg TCDD throughout development. • Progression of Notch-induced thymoma was different in offspring exposed to TCDD developmentally. • Developmental AHR activation attenuates later-life Notch1-dependent impacts on T cell differentiation.
ISSN 0041008X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-03-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Toxicology and Applied Pharmacology
Volume Number 283
Issue Number 2


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