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Author Ferraro, Vincenza ♦ Sousa, Sérgio C. ♦ Marques, Cláudia ♦ Calhau, Conceição ♦ Pintado, Manuela E.
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer Netherlands
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2015
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Antioxidant ♦ Anti-hypertensive ♦ Amino acids ♦ Codfish ♦ Cytotoxicity ♦ Wastewater ♦ Engineering ♦ Environment ♦ Renewable and Green Energy ♦ Industrial Pollution Prevention ♦ Waste Management/Waste Technology ♦ Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology
Abstract Wastewater from codfish (Gadus morhua L.) salting represents an environmental concern and a cost for processors which must address the disposal. Amino acids-enriched liquid salts (NaCl) were recovered from that effluent and were assessed for the antioxidant and anti-hypertensive activity, and for cytotoxicity to evaluate the possibility to be considered as a functional ingredient. Two samples were evaluated: a hypertonic salt at 15 g/L NaCl and 3 g/L amino acids, and an isotonic salt at 9 g/L NaCl and 1.8 g/L amino acids, obtained by diluting the former. Both samples showed moderate antioxidant activity; the values obtained for each assay depended on the mechanism of radical inhibition as well as on amino acids and NaCl concentration. No pro-oxidant effects on DNA were observed. Both salts demonstrated a significant anti-hypertensive activity with IC$_{50}$ 11 µg/mL for the hypertonic and 7.4 µg/mL for the isotonic sample. For the isotonic salt no cytotoxic effects on intestinal cells were noticed over 180 min, and on hepatic cells up to 70 min. The biological activity showed by the amino acids-enriched salt could prompt the application as a functional ingredient and drive the valorisation of the codfish salting wastewater.
ISSN 18772641
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2015-07-25
Publisher Place Dordrecht
e-ISSN 1877265X
Journal Waste and Biomass Valorization
Volume Number 6
Issue Number 6
Page Count 10
Starting Page 1115
Ending Page 1124


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Source: SpringerLink