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Author Mohammed, Isah Yakub ♦ Abakr, Yousif Abdalla ♦ Kazi, Feroz Kabir ♦ Yusuf, Suzana
Source SpringerLink
Content type Text
Publisher Springer Netherlands
File Format PDF
Copyright Year ©2016
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Technology ♦ Engineering & allied operations
Subject Keyword Napier grass ♦ Ash ♦ Pretreatment ♦ Extractives ♦ Pyrolysis ♦ Bio-oil ♦ Characterization ♦ Engineering ♦ Environment ♦ Renewable and Green Energy ♦ Industrial Pollution Prevention ♦ Waste Management/Waste Technology ♦ Environmental Engineering/Biotechnology
Abstract The depletion of fossil fuel reserves has led to increasing interest in liquid bio-fuel from renewable biomass. Biomass is a complex organic material consisting of different degrees of cellulose, hemicellulose, lignin, extractives and minerals. Some of the mineral elements tend to retard conversions, yield and selectivity during pyrolysis processing. This study is focused on the extraction of mineral retardants from Napier grass using deionized water, dilute sodium hydroxide and sulfuric acid and subsequent pyrolysis in a fixed bed reactor. The raw biomass was characterized before and after each pretreatment following standard procedure. Pyrolysis study was conducted in a fixed bed reactor at 600 °C, 30 °C/min and 30 mL/min N$_{2}$ flow. Pyrolysis oil (bio-oil) collected was analyzed using standard analytic techniques. The bio-oil yield and characteristics from each pretreated sample were compared with oil from the non-pretreated sample. Bio-oil yield from the raw sample was 32.06 wt% compared to 38.71, 33.28 and 29.27 wt% oil yield recorded from the sample pretreated with sulfuric acid, deionized water and sodium hydroxide respectively. GC–MS analysis of the oil samples revealed that the oil from all the pretreated biomass had more value added chemicals and less ketones and aldehydes. Pretreatment with neutral solvent generated valuable leachate, showed significant impact on the ash extraction, pyrolysis oil yield, and its composition and therefore can be regarded as more appropriate for thermochemical conversion of Napier grass.
ISSN 18772641
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-05-26
Publisher Place Dordrecht
e-ISSN 1877265X
Journal Waste and Biomass Valorization
Volume Number 8
Issue Number 3
Page Count 19
Starting Page 755
Ending Page 773

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Source: SpringerLink