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Author Johnson, David S. ♦ Smith, Michael D. ♦ Karger, David R. ♦ Young, Cliff
Source ACM Digital Library
Content type Text
Publisher Association for Computing Machinery (ACM)
File Format PDF
Language English
Subject Domain (in DDC) Computer science, information & general works ♦ Computer programming, programs & data
Abstract Branch alignment reorders the basic blocks of a program to minimize pipeline penalties due to control-transfer instructions. Prior work in branch alignment has produced useful heuristic methods. We present a branch alignment algorithm that usually achieves the minimum possible pipeline penalty and on our benchmarks averages within 0.3% of a provable optimum. We compare the control penalties and running times of our algorithm to an older, greedy approach and observe that both the greedy method and our method are close to the lower bound on control penalties, suggesting that greedy is good enough. Surprisingly, in actual execution our method produces programs that run noticeably faster than the greedy method. We also report results from training and testing on different data sets, validating that our results can be achieved in real-world usage. Training and testing on different data sets slightly reduced the benefits from both branch alignment algorithms, but the ranking of the algorithms does not change, and the bulk of the benefits remain.
Description Affiliation: Massachusetts Institute of Technology (Karger, David R.) || AT&T Labs (Johnson, David S.) || Harvard University (Young, Cliff; Smith, Michael D.)
Age Range 18 to 22 years ♦ above 22 year
Educational Use Research
Education Level UG and PG
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1983-05-01
Publisher Place New York
Journal ACM SIGPLAN Notices (SIGP)
Volume Number 32
Issue Number 5
Page Count 11
Starting Page 183
Ending Page 193


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Source: ACM Digital Library