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Author Tudisco, O. ♦ Berton, F. ♦ Buratti, P. ♦ Grilli, E. ♦ Mantovani, S.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword PLASMA PHYSICS AND FUSION ♦ FT TOKAMAK ♦ PLASMA DIAGNOSTICS ♦ MEASURING INSTRUMENTS ♦ MICROWAVE SPECTRA ♦ EMISSION SPECTRA ♦ CYCLOTRON RADIATION ♦ SPATIAL DISTRIBUTION ♦ TIME DEPENDENCE ♦ RESOLUTION
Abstract A 12-channel grating polychromator for the measurement of electron cyclotron emission on the Frascati tokamak upgrade (FTU) has been built. Three gratings can be exchanged remotely, to allow the instrument to cover three different spectral ranges (between 200 and 600 GHz) which correspond to the second harmonic of electron cyclotron emission for tokamak magnetic fields of 4, 6, and 8 T. Three sets of low-pass filters, whose cut-off frequencies are optimized for each grating, are used to cut the high diffraction orders. In order to exchange the filters together with the grating it was necessary to integrate the groups of filters with the polychromator itself. This has been done reducing the grating sizes and assembling them all closely on a moveable structure. The exchange of gratings and filters can be performed remotely via computer in few seconds without any lost of the alignment. InSb cryogenic hot-electron bolometers are used as detectors. The cryostat hold-time is more than 30 days. Spectral resolution {lambda}/{delta}{lambda} is about 40 corresponding to a spatial resolution of {delta}{ital R}{approx_equal}2.3 cm. The minimum detectable temperature is about 10 eV at 20 kHz bandwidth. The spatial structure and temporal evolution of several kinds of fast temperature perturbations (as the ones due to magnetohydrodynamic activity, temperature fall during pellet injection and plasma disruption) have been measured on FTU by means of this diagnostic system. {copyright} {ital 1996 American Institute of Physics.}
ISSN 00346748
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1996-09-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Review of Scientific Instruments
Volume Number 67
Issue Number 9


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