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Author Lim, Yu Jin ♦ Kim, Eunji ♦ Kim, Hak Jae ♦ Wu, Hong-Gyun ♦ Yan, Jinchun ♦ Liu, Qin ♦ Patel, Shilpen
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword RADIOLOGY AND NUCLEAR MEDICINE ♦ CARCINOMAS ♦ COMPARATIVE EVALUATIONS ♦ EARTH PLANET ♦ GLOBAL ASPECTS ♦ HARBORS ♦ HAZARDS ♦ HISTOLOGY ♦ PATIENTS ♦ RADIOTHERAPY ♦ REVIEWS
Abstract Purpose: To evaluate the survival impact of postoperative radiation therapy (PORT) in stage II to IV thymomas, using systematic review and meta-analysis. Methods and Materials: A database search was conducted with EMBASE, PubMed, Web of Science, Cochrane Library, and Ovid from inception to August 2015. Thymic carcinomas were excluded, and studies comparing overall survival (OS) with and without PORT in thymomas were included. The hazard ratios (HRs) of OS were extracted, and a random-effects model was used in the pooled analysis. Results: Seven retrospective series with a total of 1724 patients were included and analyzed. Almost all of the patients underwent macroscopically complete resection, and thymoma histology was confirmed by the World Health Organization criteria. In the overall analysis of stage II to IV thymomas, OS was not altered with the receipt of PORT (HR 0.79, 95% confidence interval [CI] 0.58-1.08). Although PORT was not associated with survival difference in Masaoka stage II disease (HR 1.45, 95% CI 0.83-2.55), improved OS was observed with the addition of PORT in the discrete pooled analysis of stage III to IV (HR 0.63, 95% CI 0.40-0.99). Significant heterogeneity and publication bias were not found in the analyses. Conclusions: From the present meta-analysis of sole primary thymomas, we suggest the potential OS benefit of PORT in locally advanced tumors with macroscopically complete resection, but not in stage II disease. Further investigations with sufficient survival data are needed to establish detailed treatment indications.
ISSN 03603016
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2016-04-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal International Journal of Radiation Oncology, Biology and Physics
Volume Number 94
Issue Number 5


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