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Author Kakazu, Yuko ♦ Capak, Peter L. ♦ Hu, Esther M. ♦ Liu, Michael C. ♦ Wainscoat, Richard J. ♦ Weihao, Wang
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ASTROPHYSICS, COSMOLOGY AND ASTRONOMY ♦ COLOR ♦ LUMINOSITY ♦ PROPER MOTION ♦ QUASARS ♦ RED SHIFT ♦ SPECTROSCOPY ♦ STARS ♦ TELESCOPES ♦ UNIVERSE ♦ COSMIC RADIO SOURCES ♦ MOTION ♦ OPTICAL PROPERTIES ♦ ORGANOLEPTIC PROPERTIES ♦ PHYSICAL PROPERTIES
Abstract The Hawaii Quasar and T dwarf survey (HQT Survey) is a wide-field, red optical survey carried out with the Suprime-Cam mosaic CCD camera on the 8.2 m Subaru telescope. The HQT survey is designed to search for low-luminosity (M{sub AB1450} < -23) quasars at high redshift (z>5.7) as well as T dwarfs, both of which are selected by their very red I - z' colors. We use an optical narrowband filter NB816 to break a well-known I - z' color degeneracy between high-z quasars and foreground M and L dwarfs, which are more numerous than quasars. This paper is the first in a series of papers from the HQT survey and we report on the discovery of six faint (19 {<=} J {<=} 20) ultracool dwarfs found over a {approx}9.3 deg{sup 2} area with a limiting magnitude of z'{sub AB} {<=} 23.3. These dwarfs were confirmed by near-IR imaging and/or spectroscopy conducted at various facilities on Mauna Kea. With estimated distances of 60-170 pc, these are among the most distant spectroscopically confirmed field brown dwarfs to date. Limits on the proper motions of these ultracool dwarfs suggest that they are old members of the Galactic disk, though future follow-up observations are necessary to minimize errors. Our finding rate of ultracool dwarfs is within model predictions of Liu et al. However, the large brightening amplitude ({approx}1 mag) previously reported for the L/T transition objects appears to overpredict the numbers. We also examine how the survey field latitude affects the survey sensitivity to the vertical scale height of ultracool dwarfs.
ISSN 0004637X
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 2010-11-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Astrophysical Journal
Volume Number 723
Issue Number 1


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