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Author Battles, J. E. ♦ Smaga, J. A. ♦ Myles, K. M.
Source United States Department of Energy Office of Scientific and Technical Information
Content type Text
Language English
Subject Keyword ENERGY STORAGE ♦ ELECTRIC BATTERIES ♦ MATERIALS ♦ ELECTRIC-POWERED VEHICLES ♦ OFF-PEAK ENERGY STORAGE ♦ SODIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES ♦ LITHIUM-SULFUR BATTERIES ♦ TESTING ♦ AMBIENT TEMPERATURE ♦ IRON-AIR BATTERIES ♦ IRON-NICKEL BATTERIES ♦ LEAD-ACID BATTERIES ♦ NICKEL-ZINC BATTERIES ♦ PERFORMANCE ♦ ZINC-AIR BATTERIES ♦ ZINC-CHLORINE BATTERIES ♦ CORROSION ♦ HIGH TEMPERATURE ♦ BATTERY SEPARATORS ♦ CONNECTORS ♦ CONTAINERS ♦ SULFIDES ♦ CHALCOGENIDES ♦ CHEMICAL REACTIONS ♦ CONDUCTOR DEVICES ♦ ELECTRICAL EQUIPMENT ♦ ELECTROCHEMICAL CELLS ♦ ENERGY STORAGE SYSTEMS ♦ EQUIPMENT ♦ METAL-GAS BATTERIES ♦ METAL-METAL OXIDE BATTERIES ♦ METAL-NONMETAL BATTERIES ♦ STORAGE ♦ SULFUR COMPOUNDS ♦ VEHICLES 250903* -- Energy Storage-- Batteries-- Materials, Components, & Auxiliaries
Abstract A review is presented of the materials problems in secondary battery systems that show promise for use as power sources for vehicle propulsion and as stationary energy storage devices for utility application. Materials for ambient-temperature batteries are reviewed briefly, and those for two advanced systems, sodium/sulfur and lithium/metal sulfide, are described more fully. In both systems, the severe corrosiveness of the cell environment, the high temperature of operation, and the requirements of low cost and weight place demand restrictions on materials of construction. Materials development efforts in Argonne National Laboratory's lithium/metal sulfide battery program are discussed in terms of the individual cell components (electrical feedthroughs, electrode separators, electrode current collectors, and cell housings). The materials selection process is described, experimental data on compatibility tests are presented, and the current status of the materials development effort is summarized. 5 figures, 7 tables.
Educational Use Research
Learning Resource Type Article
Publisher Date 1978-02-01
Publisher Place United States
Journal Metall. Trans., A
Volume Number 9
Organization Argonne National Lab., IL


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